Fix domains list in DirectAdmin

I don’t know why, but at one of my servers the domains.list file gets erased every x weeks. So after some weeks they are missing in the httpd.conf and the domains will not work.

Before I figure out what causes it, this is a little piece of code to fix the list and rewrite httpd:

for d in `ls /home/user/domains`; do echo $d >> /usr/local/directadmin/data/users/user/domains.list; done
/usr/local/directadmin/custombuild/build rewrite_confs

Bash commands to see server stats

I found this little snippet elsewhere and find it very usefull to use in my own scripts for statistiscs:

free -m | awk 'NR==2{printf "Memory Usage: %s/%sMB (%.2f%)\n", $3,$2,$3*100/$2 }'
df -h | awk '$NF=="/"{printf "Disk Usage: %d/%dGB (%s)\n", $3,$2,$5}'
top -bn1 | grep load | awk '{printf "CPU Load: %.2f\n", $(NF-2)}'

It returns something like:

Memory Usage: 2340/24000MB (9.75%)
Disk Usage: 40/100GB (40%)
CPU Load: 0.04

Bash script to make MySQL back-ups

This simple but effective script makes a back-up of the target SQL database and deletes databases older then 90 days. I keep the folder synchronized with other systems so the customer can reach his database with 90 days retention himself.


cd /backups


date=$(date +"%d-%b-%Y")

umask 177

# dump the database
mysqldump --user=$user --password=$passwd --host=$host $db_name > $backup_path/$db_name-$date.sql

# zip contents
zip $db_name-$ $db_name-$date.sql

# remove old backups
find $backup_path/* -mtime +90 -exec rm {} \;

echo done


Of course, instead of setting the username/passwd variables in the script itself you can read the DirectAdmin credentials with:

source /usr/local/directadmin/conf/mysql.conf

Bash script to migrate Magento to DirectAdmin via rsync

Migrating Magento is pretty easy. Most of the times you only need to sync the files and export/import the database. But to automate such a process to test a lot, you can use a bash script to make things easier.

I often use this bash script (or similar) to migrate a Magento shop from one server to another:


echo dumping sql
ssh root@ -p 7685 "mysqldump -u magento_user -ppassword magento_db > /home/magento.sql"

echo rsync files
/usr/bin/rsync --exclude 'app/etc/local.xml' --exclude 'media/.htaccess' --exclude 'app/etc/config.xml' -a --delete -e "ssh -p 7685" root@ /home/user/domains/

echo rsync db
/usr/bin/rsync -a --delete -e "ssh -p 7685" root@ /home/user/domains/

echo importing db
source /usr/local/directadmin/conf/mysql.conf
mysql -u $user -p$passwd new_magentodb < /home/user/domains/

echo restoring permissions
chown -R user:user /home/user/domains/
chown user:user /home/user/domains/

echo done

This script is executed on the new server, which is loaded with DirectAdmin. The old server ( is plain CentOS 6.5. I added the to the authorized keys on the old server, so this server is able to execute commands as root without entering a password.

The port on the old server is 7685, that’s why you find it in the ssh and rsync commands.

I exclude the local.xml because on the new server I had to change the MySQL credentials. The media/.htaccess file gave problems on the new DirectAdmin server as well, so I had to change it and exclude the file from future rsyncs.

After running this script the Magento webshop is migrated from the old server to the new DirectAdmin server and works perfectly!


DirectAdmin SQL back-ups via commandline

This is how to make a SQL only back-up via commandline in DirectAdmin. The first line puts the command in the task.queue. The second line runs the task queue and will show the output. The d400 means debug level 400.

echo "action=backup&append%5Fto%5Fpath=nothing&database%5Fdata%5Faware=yes&email%5Fdata%5Faware=yes&local%5Fpath=%2Fhome%2Fadmin%2Fmysql%5Fbackups&option%30=database&option%31=database%5Fdata&owner=admin&type=admin&value=multiple&what=select&when=now&where=local&who=all" >> /usr/local/directadmin/data/task.queue
/usr/local/directadmin/dataskq d400

When the back-up is completed you will receive an e-mail via the normal DirectAdmin message system.

The back-ups will be stored in /home/admin/mysql_backups

How to install/repair Installatron

This is how to install Installatron on a Centos server:

chmod +x
./ -f


If the normal install gets stuck, or your current installation is broken, try this full repair command:

rm -fr /usr/local/installatron/lib /usr/local/installatron/etc/php.ini 
curl -O 
chmod 755 
./ -f --stable 
rm -f /var/installatron/data.db /var/installatron/data.db-* 
/usr/local/installatron/installatron --repair --recache 
/usr/local/installatron/installatron --send-update-report